fundamentalism

Term applied to strictly conservative religious belief; in Christianity it holds the entire Bible in its original languages to be free from historical, theological, and scientific error. Fundamentalists oppose the teaching of evolution and all concessions to modern thought embraced by liberal Christianity. They tend to emphasize the demands of personal morality rather than social issues. The term derives from a series of tracts which began to appear in the USA in 1909 and which affirmed five fundamentals of faith: the verbal inerrancy of scripture, the divinity of Christ, his birth of a virgin, a substitutionary theory of the atonement, and the physical resurrection and bodily return of Christ. Christian Fundamentalists maintain that being inspired by God (who cannot err) the Bible offers totally accurate history. The authority exercised by Jesus among his disciples is available in the Bible, so that the OT account of the origin of creation is more acceptable than a theory of evolution by natural selection. God has not revealed everything, but what he has revealed we can know with certainty. Fundamentalists distance themselves from theological sophistication.

Dictionary of the Bible.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fundamentalism —    Fundamentalism is a 20th century movement within American Protestantism that defends the continued validity of traditional Christian beliefs in the face of a spectrum of modern ideas that have won acceptance in older denominations. Strictly… …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • fundamentalism — FUNDAMENTALÍSM s. (bis., pol.) integrism. (fundamentalism islamic.) Trimis de siveco, 05.08.2004. Sursa: Sinonime  FUNDAMENTALÍSM s.n. 1. Mişcare sau atitudine care atacă orice abatere de la doctrinele şi practicile considerate esenţiale într un …   Dicționar Român

  • fundamentalism — n. 1. A system of beliefs based on the interpretation of every word in the Bible, both old and new testaments, as literal truth. It is primarily held by a branch of American Protestants. [WordNet 1.5] 2. The beliefs or practises based on a rigid… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • fundamentalism — ► NOUN 1) a form of Protestant Christianity which upholds belief in the strict and literal interpretation of the Bible. 2) the strict maintenance of the ancient or fundamental doctrines of any religion or ideology. DERIVATIVES fundamentalist noun …   English terms dictionary

  • fundamentalism — ☆ fundamentalism [fun΄də ment′ liz΄əm ] n. [sometimes F ] 1. religious beliefs based on a literal interpretation of the Bible, regarded as fundamental to Christian faith and morals 2. the 20th cent. movement among some American Protestants, based …   English World dictionary

  • Fundamentalism — For other uses, see fundamentalism (disambiguation). Fundamentalism is strict adherence to specific theological doctrines usually understood as a reaction against Modernist theology.[1] The term fundamentalism was originally coined by its… …   Wikipedia

  • fundamentalism — fundamentalist, n., adj. /fun deuh men tl iz euhm/, n. 1. (sometimes cap.) a movement in American Protestantism that arose in the early part of the 20th century in reaction to modernism and that stresses the infallibility of the Bible not only in …   Universalium

  • FUNDAMENTALISM —    a CONSERVATIVE THEOLOGICAL movement which arose in American PROTESTANTISM in the 1920s in opposition to MODERNISM. Fundamentalism should be understood primarily as an attempt to protect the essential doctrines or fundamentals of the CHRISTIAN… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • fundamentalism — noun Date: 1922 1. a. often capitalized a movement in 20th century Protestantism emphasizing the literally interpreted Bible as fundamental to Christian life and teaching b. the beliefs of this movement c. adherence to such beliefs 2. a movement… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • fundamentalism — [[t]fʌ̱ndəme̱ntəlɪzəm[/t]] N UNCOUNT Fundamentalism is the belief in the original form of a religion or theory, without accepting any later ideas. Religious fundamentalism was spreading in the region. Derived words: fundamentalist plural N COUNT… …   English dictionary

  • fundamentalism —    This term (from the Latin fundamentum, meaning foundation ) has three different but related senses: (1) five foundational principles that have been adopted by many Protestants: (a) the inerrancy of the Scriptures, (b) the virgin birthand the… …   Glossary of theological terms

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